- A website, often called a site for short, is nothing more than a collection of logically linked web pages,
or simply a single page. Web pages are accessible on the Internet by means of HTTP or HTTPS protocols.
A website has its own place on the Internet, defined by a personal address for each site, which is commonly referred to as the URL.
Any website has its own owner, the owner can be either an individual or a legal entity.
- A website consists of pages
A website consists of pages united by a common root URL and, as a rule, a common logical structure, theme, decoration (design) and technical device.
In turn, the World Wide Web is nothing but the sum of all websites. Web pages are text files written in Hypertext Markup Language (HTML or XHTML).
- When a web page is viewed, in a special program called a browser, the HTML files are downloaded to the user’s computer.
Once loaded, the browser displays the Web pages on the user’s screen.
Different devices can be used as hardware to access the Internet to view the contents of web pages:
personal computers, PDAs, some models of gaming consoles and other devices, all of which support HTML / XHTML
standards and display web pages on them in the same way.
- The HTML/XHTML language allows you to format pages and put text, hyperlinks, tables, images, and other objects on them.
CSS style sheets that can be used in HTML documents gives you additional options for creating the look of your web pages.
Hypertext links, or hyperlinks for short, are used to link between web pages within a website and to link various websites on the World Wide Web.
If a hyperlink is used to link pages within a site, it is called internal, and if it links different sites, it is called external.
- Site pages
Pages on the site can be static, that is, they are stored on the web server in the form of unchanging files, and can be dynamic,
that is, generated directly on the server special program, which is also called a site engine.
The site engine can provide a large set of opportunities to change the web pages,
adding new web pages and perform other actions to configure the website and editing the information
on it through a web administration interface, which is called the content management system or CMS.
- Creating a website – a time-consuming process that combines the work of different professionals:
web designers, programmers, HTML layout, optimizers, managers, journalists to fill the site with information, etc.
Time and cost of creating a site depends on the complexity of the project, its structure and quality of design.